Edge computing has emerged as a pivotal paradigm in the IoT and distributed computing era, bringing computation closer to data sources for improved latency and efficiency. However, the ubiquity of edge devices also exposes them to an increased risk of cyber threats, making cybersecurity a paramount concern.
Contrary to common assumptions, the challenges associated with recharging electric vehicles (EVs) trace back to the 20th century. The automotive arena featured a triad of electric, gasoline, and steam-powered vehicles during that era.
There are over 250 million people worldwide who have severe visual impairment, with 70 million entirely visually impaired (VI). VI individuals face several challenges when shopping, including: finding the right direction to desired commodities, distinguishing between similar-looking items, and not wanting to ask for help. More research is needed to provide user-friendly and practical assistance for VI individuals in complex environments, such as supermarkets.
Small-scale machines that can travel freely inside the body to treat diseases have attracted extensive attention due to their minimal invasiveness, which can reduce trauma, the risk of infection, and pain after an operation and shorten recovery time. Magnetic miniature robots are promising tools for minimally invasive and noninvasive therapy.
In the past decade, autonomous systems have attracted the attention of many researchers and companies on a global scale. To fully deploy highly automated driving technologies in more general settings, such as urban driving, the autonomous system needs to sense the surrounding environment reliably and interact with it safely. To that end, the open problems related to safe autonomous driving span from designing cost-effective, robust, and reliable sensors to developing powerful perception and motion planning and control algorithms.
Today’s energy systems in smart cities are undergoing a significant digital transformation due to advances in renewable energy technologies, the increasing adoption of distributed energy resources, and the growing demand for an energy-efficient, sustainable, and more livable future. Digital twins (DT) technology can revolutionize how energy systems and smart cities are designed, operated, and optimized.
Generative AI enables users to generate new content based on various inputs (including text, images, sounds, animation, 3D models, or other data types). By using neural network technology to identify the patterns and structures within existing data, generative AI creates new and original content. The technology can be a powerful tool for streamlining the workflow of creatives, engineers, researchers, scientists, and others—across all industries.
The ever-increasing demands for mobile broadband and expansion to vertical industries (automotive, satellite, internet of things) continue driving the development of wireless technology. The next major step in the evolution of 5G towards the sixth generation (6G) mobile networks is called 5G-Advanced.
A photonic integrated circuit (PIC) is a chip that contains optical functions. PICs are essential to the current and future digital economy—from data communications and sensing to quantum technologies. Integrated photonics provides an energy-efficient way to increase the speed and capacity of data networks, reduce costs, and meet needs across various industries.
Fueling the Fourth Industrial Revolution
The Fourth Industrial Revolution is upon us, and IEEE is leading the way. Learn more about key technologies that will change the way we live in this new era and how IEEE research is fostering innovation and education in these fields.